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2019年美国国内汽油平均零售价格略低于2018年

发布时间:2020-01-11 00:27 作者:佚名 来源:互联网 字号:

中国石化新闻网讯 据美国能源情报署1月9日报道,2019年,美国普通汽油零售价格平均为每加仑2.60美元,比2018年低11美分/加仑(降低了4%)。2019年第一季度,汽油价格稳步上涨,从1月7日的2.24美元/加仑上涨至5月6日的2.90美元/加仑,随后逐步下降。由于原油成本约占零售汽油最终成本的52%,因此汽油价格一般跟随原油价格变动,2019年期间,原油价格也遵循类似的价格路径。

每周一,美国能源信息署(EIA)在其汽油和柴油更新报告中,收集并公布10个城市、9个州、5个地区以及整个美国的汽油和柴油零售价格数据。全国汽油价格的变化反映了汽油规格、州和地方税收以及地区市场供需平衡的差异。

东海岸(波士顿、纽约和迈阿密):2019年,东海岸汽油价格在2.22~2.79美元/加仑的范围内波动,波士顿和纽约市的油价在5月6日夏季驾驶季开始时达到峰值,分别为2.84美元/加仑和2.93美元/加仑。2019年,纽约市汽油的平均价格为2.62美元/加仑,波士顿为2.59美元/加仑,迈阿密为2.47美元/加仑。除了4~5月的两个月时间,迈阿密的汽油价格一直低于纽有机蔬菜约和波士顿。

中西部(芝加哥和克利夫兰):中西部地区的地域范围很广,包括许多半连通的市场和分布广泛的炼油中心。芝加哥汽油价格在2019年52周中有44周高于克利夫兰,也高于中西部地区平均水平。2019年,整个中西部地区的汽油均价为2.49美元/加仑,比全国平均水平低12美分。

墨西哥湾海岸(休斯顿):墨西哥湾沿岸的汽油零售价格往往是全国最低的,在过去20年里,该地区每年的汽油价格都是全国最低。该地区拥有美国一半的炼油能力,生产的汽油远远超过其消耗量。2019年45周内,休斯顿的汽油零售价格是EIA收集数据的10个城市中最低的。2019年,整个海湾沿岸地区的平均汽油价格在1.89~2.58美元/加仑之间波动。

落基山脉(丹佛):洛基山脉的汽油需求中心地理位置分散,与供应源被山脉、大片荒野和农村土地隔开,导致该地区的汽油价格上涨。2019年,该地区汽油平均价格为39周来全国第二高,但也为9周来第二低,这一双重性反映了该地区汽油消费量相对较低。2019年,整个落基山脉地区的平均汽油价格在2.17~2.98美元/加仑之间波动。

西海岸(洛杉矶、旧金山和西雅图):西海岸的汽油价格往往高于该国其他地区,因为该地区与其他主要炼油中心的联系有限,而且汽油规格使其制造成本更高。因此,西海岸的平均汽油价格是过去20年来全国最高的。2019年整个西海岸地区的平均汽油价格在2.91~3.71美元/加仑之间波动。

U.S. regular retail gasoline prices averaged $2.60 per gallon (gal) in 2019, 11 cents/gal (4%) lower than in 2018. Gasoline prices rose steadily during the first quarter of the year, rising from $有机农产品2.24 on January 7 to $2.90/gal on May 6, before gradually declining through the rest of the year. Because the cost of crude oil accounts for about 52% of retail gasoline’s final cost, the price of gasoline generally follows movements in crude oil prices, which followed a similar price path during 2019.

Each Monday, in its Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update, the U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) collects and publishes data on retail gasoline and diesel fuel prices for 10 cities, 9 states, 5 regions, and the United States as a whole. Variations in gasoline prices across the country reflect differences in gasoline specifications, state and local taxes, and supply and demand balances in regional markets.

East Coast (Boston, New York City, and Miami). East Coast gasoline moved within a range of $2.22/gal and $2.79/gal, during 2019, and prices in Boston and New York City peaked at the start of the summer driving season on May 6 at $2.84/gal and $2.93/gal, respectively. Prices in New York City averaged $2.62/gal during 2019, $2.59/gal in Boston, and $2.47/gal in Miami. Except for a brief two-month period between April and May, prices in Miami were consistently lower than in New York City and Boston.

Midwest (Chicago and Cleveland). The Midwest covers a large geographic area consisting of many semi-connected markets and widely dispersed refining centers. Prices in Chicago were higher than prices in Cleveland and higher than the Midwest regional average in 44 of 52 weeks during 2019. Gasoline prices throughout the Midwest averaged $2.49/gal during 2019, which is 12 cents lower than the national average.

Gulf Coast (Houston). Gulf Coast retail gasoline prices tend to be the lowest in the country, and the region has had the country’s lowest price every year for the past 20 years. The region is home to half of all U.S. refining capacity and produces substantially more gasoline than it consumes. For 45 weeks in 2019, retail gasoline prices in Houston were the lowest of the 10 cities for which EIA collected data. Average gasoline prices for the entire Gulf Coast region moved within a range of $1.89/gal to $2.58/gal during the year.

Rocky Mountains (Denver). The Rocky Mountain’s gasoline demand centers are geographically dispersed and are separated from sources of supply by mountain ranges and large expanses of wilderness and rural lands, which contribute to higher prices in the region. For 2019, the region’s average gasoline prices were the second highest in the country for 39 weeks, but they were also the second lowest for 9 weeks—a duality that reflects the region’s relatively low gasoline consumption and divergent local circumstances. Average gasoline prices for the entire Rocky Mountains region moved within a range of $2.17/gal to $2.98/gal during the year.

West Coast (Los Angeles, San Francisco, and Seattle). Gasoline prices on the West Coast tend to be higher than in other parts of the country because of the region’s limited interconnections with other major refining centers and because of gasoline specifications that make it more costly to manufacture. As a result, average gasoline prices in the West Coast have been the nation’s highest for the past 20 years.Average gasoline prices for the entire West Coast region moved within a range of $2.91/gal to $3.71/gal during the year.

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